Crossborder freight is well-developed between Vietnam and it’s three terrestrial neighbours, which are Cambodia, Laos and China. Between the 4 countries, rail, road and fluvial freight solutions are existing. There is in total 56 major and 71 minor border posts that are unifying Vietnam to its neighbouring countries. This article is detailing the different ways, procedures, transit times and trading data between Vietnam, Laos, China and Cambodia.

map of the roads in Indochina

This map is highlighting the main highways and railways existing between the 4 countries

 

1) Crossborder freight between Vietnam and Laos

A long border is separating Laos from the north-western part of Vietnam. Because it is crossed by 7 highways, this border is favourable to trade between the two countries. The two countries are members of the ASEAN, so trade in goods are eased and encouraged between them. Below is a list of the main road checkpoints from south to north, that are enabling vehicles to drive between the two countries:

  • Bo Y International border gate / Xayden
  • Cửa khẩu La Lay / La Lay Border A Chungklung
  • Lao Bao Border 605 / Dansavan
  • Cha Lo Bordergate / Ban Dupré
  • Cau Treo Border pass / Nam Phao International Checkpoint
  • Nam Can Border station / Dindan
  • Ban Na Meo / Ban Na Mang
  • Joint Control Station Loong Sap / Pa Hang
  • Ban Chieng Khuong / Ban Dan
  • Sop Cop Border Crossing station
  • Border Crossing 113 Vietnam Laos

 

1.1) Transit times between Vietnam and Laos

Road freight between the two countries is short on average. At most, 2 days are necessary to travel between Vietnam and Laos. The following table is detailing the road transit times between the main cities of the two countries:

HCMCHanoiHai PhongDa NangCan ThoBien HoaNha Trang
Vientiane1 day21 hours1 day1 day2 days1 day2 days
Pakse17 hours1 day1 day11 hours21 hours17 hours21 hours
Savannakhet1 day21 hours1 day14 hours1 day1 day1 day
Luang Prabang2 days1 day1 day1 day2 days2 days2 days
Xam Neua2 days10 hours13 hours1 day2 days2 days2 days
Phonsavan2 days18 hours19 hours1 day2 days2 days2 days

 

1.2) Customs procedure at the border between Vietnam and Laos

To ease crossborder trucking, easier and more flexible rules have been implemented at the border:

  • Enterprises must have the international transport trade certificate
  • Vehicles doing the crossborder freight must have the inter-state permit
  • Customs procedures at checkpoints have been eased
  • The vehicle types and itineraries limitations have been suppressed between the two countries
  • It is allowed to cross the border in 15 checkpoints between the two countries
  • The limitation of trading and non-trading vehicles allowed to cross the border has been suppressed

 

1.3) Trade statistics between Vietnam and Laos

Vietnam is the 3rd import and export partner of Laos according to the most recent statistics. On the Vietnamese side, Laos was its 34th export and 24th import partner. In 2016, 506.8 million USD of goods from Laos where exported to Vietnam, and 402.4 million USD of Vietnamese goods where imported into Laos.

Laos is mainly importing refined petroleum, bi-wheels vehicle parts, hot-rolled iron bars, stone processing machines, beers, iron structures and flat flat-rolled steel from Vietnam. On the other way, Vietnam is principally importing flavored water, rolled tobacco, rubber, bovine, raw sugar, coffee, oxometallic and peroxometallic acid salts, corn, rice and cassava from Laos.

2) Crossborder freight between Vietnam and Cambodia

Vietnam and Cambodia are possessing a terrestrial border in common. This border is located on the eastern side of Cambodia, and on the south-western part of Vietnam. This border can be crossed by trucks but also by vessels, because numerous rivers are crossing the two territories, like the Mekong. Several roads and highways are also crossing the two countries. In addition to their belonging to the ASEAN, numerous agreements have been signed between the two countries to ease trades.

Hence, in 2009, the two countries signed a free circulation agreement for vessels on the Mekong. This agreement reduced drastically the customs procedures imposed to the ship navigating between the two countries on the river. It also increased the goods transport operated by Vietnamese, Cambodian and foreign shipping companies. Since that time, the fluvial freight on the Mekong is in a constant growth and development.

Here is a list of the main border posts existing between the two countries, going from south to north:

  • Ha Tien Border Crossing / Prek Chak International Border Crossing
  • Tinh Bien / Phnom Den Bordergate
  • Long Binh / Chrey Thom Customs and Tax Office
  • Immigration Check Point at the Border from Vietnam to Cambodia on the Mekong River
  • Cửa khẩu Quốc tế Dinh Bà / Pras Sva Village
  • Thong Binh / Peam Montea Border Checkpoint
  • Cambodia-Vietnam Border Binh Hiep / Thmei Commune
  • Cửa khẩu Quốc tế Mộc Bài / Bavet Border Stop
  • HẢI QUAN CỬA KHẨU XA MÁT / Police of Trapeang Phlong International Border Check Point
  • Cửa khẩu phụ Vạc Sa
  • International Hoa Lu border gate / Snoul boarder Cambodia
  • Cửa khẩu Hoàng Diệu
  • Gate Bup'rang / Dak Dam
  • Le Thanh Border Gate / Pok Nhai

 

2.1) Transit times between Vietnam and Cambodia

As for Laos, road freight between Vietnam and Cambodia enables to transfer goods quickly between the two countries. The following table indicates the transit times between the main cities:

HCMCHanoiHai PhongDa NangCan ThoBien HoaNha Trang
Phnom Penh7 hours2 days2 days1 day6 hours7 hours19 hours
Ta Khmau7 hours2 days2 days1 day6 hours7 hours19 hours
Battambang16 hours2 days2 days1 day15 hours16 hours1 day
Serei Saophoan17 hours2 days2 days1 day18 hours17 hours1 day
Siem Reap14 hours1 day1 day1 day16 hours14 hours1 day
Kampong Cham6 hours2 days2 days1 day9 hours6 hours16 hours
Sihanoukville14 hours2 days2 days1 day9 hours14 hours1 day

 

2.2) Customs procedure at the border between Vietnam and Cambodia

For a crossborder truck freight from Vietnam to Cambodia, it is necessary to show to the Vietnamese customs office at the border several documents, included:

  • The commercial invoice(s) of the goods
  • The selling contract(s)
  • The packing list(s)
  • The vehicle bill of lading

When you arrive in Cambodia, the Cambodian customs will asks you to show:

  • The selling contract(s)
  • The commercial invoice(s)
  • The packing list(s)
  • The VAT and the patent

Also, the inter-state permit for the vehicle and the international transport trade certificate may be asked.

 

2.3) Trade statistics between Vietnam and Cambodia

According to the last statistics published, Vietnam was the third import and 7th export partner of Cambodia. In the other way, Cambodia was the 19th import and export partner of Vietnam. Cambodia exported a total value of 230 million USD of goods in Vietnam, while Vietnam exported 1.415 billion USD of goods in Cambodia in 2016.

Cambodia is mainly importing refined petroleum, light rubberized knitted fabrics, petroleum gas, footwear components, animal food, bi-wheel vehicle parts and nitrogenous fertilizers from Vietnam. On the other way, Vietnam is importing rubber, raw sugar, light rubberized knitted fabrics, diamonds, molasses, rolled tobacco, watch cases and parts and aluminium cans from Cambodia.

 

3) Crossborder freight between Vietnam and China

China is one of the most important trade partners of Vietnam. Indeed, a lot of Vietnamese goods are exported to China. China is also exporting a large quantity of goods into Vietnam. Their neighbouring situation is facilitating the road and rail transport between them, which are very developed. But the biggest part of their exchanges is made via sea freight. Free Trade Agreements between China and the ASEAN is greatly easing road transport between the two territories. Numerous roads are crossing the border located between northern Vietnam and south-eastern China. China is a vast country, so road freight is mainly used to transport goods between Vietnam and southern China. Contrariwise, rail freight between the two countries is covering larger zones.

Here is a list of the Checkpoints between the two countries, going from west to east:

  • Border Posts No. 66(2) / Bin He Lu
  • Lao Cai International Border Gate Administration Center / Hekouzhen
  • Thanh Thuy Border Crossing Gate / Malipo Xian
  • Hung Quoc gate
  • Ta Lung Border Station
  • Cửa khẩu Pò Mã
  • Friendship Border Station / Border Port No. 1116Border Port No. 1116
  • Chi Ma border gate / Ningming Xian
  • Hoanh Mo Border / Fangchenggang
  • Mong Cai international border gate

 

3.1) Transit times between Vietnam and China

Depending on which cities you are trying to join from Vietnam to southern China, the journey can be short or moderately long. The table below is providing transit times for crossborder truck freights between the two countries:

HCMCHanoiHai PhongDa NangCan ThoBien HoaNha Trang
Shenzhen / Guangzhou / Hong Kong3 days1 day1 day2 days3 days3 days3 days
Dongguan3 days1 day1 day2 days3 days3 days3 days
Foshan3 days1 day1 day2 days3 days3 days3 days
Shantou3 days1 day1 day2 days3 days3 days3 days
Kunming3 days1 day1 day2 days3 days3 days2 days
Zhongshan3 days1 day1 day2 days3 days3 days3 days
Nanning2 days11 hours12 hours1 day2 days2 days2 days
Huizhou3 days1 day1 day2 days3 days3 days3 days

The following table is detailing transit times between the main Vietnamese and Chinese cities via rail freight:

HCMCHanoiHai PhongDa NangCan ThoBien HoaNha Trang
Xi’An8 days5 days5 days7 days8 days8 days8 days
Shenzhen/Guangzhou6 days3 days2 days4 days6 days6 days6 days
Qingdao10 days6 days6 days8 days10 days10 days9 days
Ningbo/Shanghai9 days5 days5 days7 days9 days9 days8 days
Beijing10 days6 days6 days8 days10 days10 days10 days
Chongqing7 days3 days3 days5 days7 days7 days6 days
Kunming6 days2 days2 days4 days6 days6 days5 days
Nanchang7 days4 days4 days5 days7 days7 days7 days
Harbin13 days9 days9 days11 days13 days13 days12 days
Changsha7 days3 days3 days5 days7 days7 days6 days

 

3.2) Trade statistics between Vietnam and China

In 2016, Vietnam was the sixth export and the 10th import partner of China. On the other hand, China was the second export and the first import partner of Vietnam. 37 billion USD of Vietnamese goods were imported in China, while 61 billion USD of Chinese goods were exported to Vietnam during the same year.

China is mainly importing integrated circuits, telephones, broadcasting accessories, non-retail pure cotton yarn, crude petroleum, video recording equipment, microphones and headphones, synthetic rubber, footwear fabrics, rice, fruits and fuel wood from Vietnam. On the other hand, Vietnam is mainly importing telephones, light rubberized knitted fabric, flat flat-rolled steel, aluminium bars, LCDs and integrated circuits from China.

FNM Vietnam can propose you its rail freight services from and to China, road freight services from/to China, Cambodia, Laos, and fluvial freight services to Cambodia. Contact our consultants to know each of our services rate. They will transmit you details tailored to your situation.

Are you interested by our services? Do you want personalized information?
Our experts will answer you within 24 hours